Why疑問詞文法

Why疑問詞文法:Why意指「為什麼」,用來詢問「原因」。

(1) 句型一: be動詞現在式

疑問詞Why+be動詞+(not)+主詞+形容詞?

Why is/was he angry? 他為什麼生氣?

Why isn’t/wasn’t Mary happy? Mary為什麼不生氣?

Why are/were Mary and Cindy famous? 為什麼Mary and Cindy有名?

Why aren’t/weren’t they hungry? 他們為什麼不餓?

1.為什麼Ted難過?

Why is Ted sad?

2.Cindy為什麼不開心?

Why is Cindy unhappy?

=Why isn’t Cindy happy?

3.為何Jolin有名?

Why is Jolin famous?

4.浴室為何那麼髒?

Why is the bathroom so dirty?

5.媽媽為什麼這麼忙碌每天?

Why is Mom so busy every day?

6.為什麼昨天Judy那麼生氣?

Why was Judy so angry yesterday?

(2) 句型二:be動詞進行式

疑問詞Why+be動詞+(not)+主詞+動詞ing+(受詞/時間副詞/地方副詞)?

Why is/was he crying on the street?

為什麼他在街上哭?

Why isn’t/wasn’t Tina eating breakfast in the dining room?

為什麼Tina不在餐廳吃早餐?

Why are/were you laughing? 你們為什麼正在笑?

Why aren’t/weren’t we going to the museum? 我們為什麼不去博物館?

1.你為什麼上課講話?

Why are you talking in class?

2.你昨天凌晨三點為什麼在這裡睡覺?

Why were you sleeping here at three last night?

3.那位女孩為什麼哭泣?

Why is the girl crying?

(3) 句型三:表示為「當下,對於行為的質疑」

疑問詞Why+助動詞+主詞+原形動詞+(受詞/時間副詞/地方副詞)?

Why do they have music class every Saturday? (現在式時間)

為什麼他們每個星期六有音樂課?

1.你為什麼每天都去公園?

Why do you go to the park every day?

2.Mary上星期六上午為什麼要去學校?

Why did Mary go to school last Saturday morning?

3.為什麼Cindy今天有英文課?

Why does Cindy have English class today?

(4) 句型四:表「建議、提議」,意思為「為什麼不________(呢)?」

疑問詞Why+助動詞+not+主詞+原形動詞+(受詞/時間副詞/地方副詞)?

Why don’t you eat meat? 你為什麼不吃肉?

此問句句型的助動詞,亦可用can’t。

或是:疑問詞Why+not+原形動詞+(受詞/時間副詞/地方副詞)?

Why not try this dish? 為何不嚐嚐看這道菜?

1.你為什麼不搬去日本?

Why don’t you move to Japan?

=Why not move to Japan?

2.為何不加入我們?

Why don’t you join us?

=Why not join us?

3.他為何不去派對?

Why doesn’t he go to the party?

4.為什不出去吃晚餐呢?

Why not go out for dinner?

Why疑問句的答句用法請至:Because/so/because of 用法 

How come用法

how come意同why,亦表示「為什麼、怎麼會」,可用來詢問「原因」,但屬於「非正式」用法,一般常用在口語上。兩者的句型不同,why後面接疑問句,但是how come後面接直述句。

簡易句型:How come?

完整句型:How come+直述句?

How come+主詞+be動詞/動詞+(受詞)?

How come Cindy is at home?

1.How come you missed the bus?你怎麼會(為什麼會)錯過公車?

2.How come you forget the meeting ? 你怎麼會忘記開會?

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