too…to… / so… that …文法講義

too…to 太…而不能… 

主詞+be動詞+too+形容詞+for 人+to VR.
The house in Taipei is too expensive to for us to buy.(台北的房子太貴了以致於無法買。)
主詞+一般動詞+too+副詞+for 人+to VR.
Jason speaks English too quickly for Mary to understand.
(Jason講英語講太快了,以致於Mary無法理解。)

若句中要加入其他對象,則須以for 人  放在to V 前

too…to…文法練習題

1.  Hank is too weak to go to school.   Hank 太虛弱以致於無法上學。

2.  They are too hungry to fall asleep.他們太餓了以致於無法入睡。

3.  The student is too young to drive a car.學生太年輕以致於無法開車。

4.  He is too tired to run fast. 他太累了以致於無法跑快。

5. The teacher is too angry to eat lunch.老師太生氣了以致於無法吃午餐。

too to 文法中翻英練習

(1)茶太燙以致於我無法喝。

The tea is too hot for me to drink.

(2)她走得太慢以致於趕不上公車了。

She walked too slowly to catch on the bus.

此句是使用動詞因此too後面需使用副詞修飾動詞。(slowly修飾walked)

 Lisa speak too fast to win the contest.

Lisa 說太快了以致於無法贏得比賽。(fast為副詞修飾speak)

2. Peter ran too slowly to win the game last year.

Peter去年 跑太慢了以致於無法贏得比賽。

So … that…  如此~以致於~

主詞+be動詞+ such 名詞 that 主詞 + 動詞

主詞+be動詞+so+形容詞+that+子句.
The house in Taipei is so expensive that we can’t buy it.
主詞+一般動詞+so+副詞+that+子句.
Jason speaks English so quickly that Mary can’t understand him.

too…to…與so….that比較

too….to… 句型本來就有否定意思,因此不能再使用not。
So…that… 本身非否定用語,因此若要表示「太~以至於不能…」that之後須使用否定句。
The girl is too short to get the box.
The girl is so short that she can’t get the box.
too…to…不定詞之後所接的受詞與主詞同一人、事、物時,受詞不可再出現。
so…that…句型中,that後所接為獨立子句,因此其後之句子不受前面主詞的影響,因此需把受詞寫出。
The tea is too hot to drink.→drink 後不需再接it(the tea)
The tea is so hot that I can’t drink it.→that之後主詞為I ,需寫出it語意才完整。

關係代名詞 that 當連接詞使用,連接句子 ( 即 ” 主詞 + 動詞 ” 結構 )。

例句:天氣如此地熱,我想吃冰淇淋。

It  is so hot today that I feel like having ice cream.

It  is such a hot day that I feel like having ice cream.

too…to… / so… that …練習題

1.  Tina was busy. She didn’t eat lunch. (too…to…)

Tina is too busy to eat dinner. 

Tina太忙了以致於無法吃晚餐。

2.  I am hungry. I can eat a horse. (so…that…)

I am so hungry that I can eat a horse.

我很餓以致於我可以吃很多。

3.  The book is boring. I don’t want to read the book. (too…to…)

The book is too boring to read the book.

這本書太無聊了,以致於我無法讀。

4.  Betty was excited. She kissed everyone in the room. (so…that…)

Betty was so excited that she kissed everyone in the room.

Betty太興奮了,以致於她親了房間裡的每個人。

too to so that 文法翻譯練習

 1.  Cathy was too angry to say a word. Cathy 氣到無法說一句話

2.  This is  such  a dirty room that no one wants to get in. 這麼髒的房間沒有人想進入。

3.  He looks so pale that we all think he’s sick. 他看起來臉色蒼白我們都認為他生病了。

4.  Jane was so afraid that she shut herself in the room. Jane很害怕以至於她把自己封閉在房間內。

5.  The cap is too small for me to wear. 帽子對我來說太小了,無法戴。

6.  Candy is such a sweet girl that everybody likes her. Candy 是一位如此甜美的女孩每個人都喜歡她。

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