被動語態英文文法

最後更新日期:2022 年 11 月 12 日

被動語態 Passive Voice定義

1.該行為者無法做出該動作就要使用被動,如食物被吃、衣服被穿、照片被拍…..

2.被動的基本結構是 be動詞+PP

be動詞是助動詞, 主要動詞的詞彙意義在「過去分詞pp」。被動語態的BE動詞決定時態

中例:「小狗咬我」是主動的語法;「我被小狗咬」則是被動的語法。

英例:The dog bit me. (為主動語態 active voice)

           I was bitten by the dog. (為被動語態 passive voice)

步驟例句
① 「接受動作者」當主詞
② 動詞改為「be 動詞+過去分詞(p.p.)」
③ 加入「by+執行動作者」
主詞     +     動詞 + 受詞.
Hank               hit             the girl.
The girl     was hit       by Hank.
主詞   + be 動詞+過去分詞 +by+受詞.
時態被動式
現在式主詞+am/is/are+過去分詞+(by+受詞)
過去式主詞+was/were+過去分詞+(by+受詞)
未來式主詞+will be+過去分詞+(by+受詞)
現在進行式主詞+am/is/are being +過去分詞+(by+受詞)
現在完成式主詞+has/have been+過去分詞+(by+受詞)
含should、can、must 等助動詞主詞+should/can/must be+過去分詞+(by+受詞)

被動語態練習題

現在式被動語態練習題

1. Miss Lin teaches English.→English is taguht by Miss Lin.

2.He doesn’t like me. →I am not liked by him

3.Peter cleans his room every day. →His room is cleaned by Peter every day.

4.They don’t speak English. →English is not spoken by them.

5. Do you watch TV every night? →Is TV watched by you every night?

過去式被動句態練習題        

主詞+was / were+p.p.+by+受詞

否定時 :主詞+was / were+not+p.p.+by+受詞

1. Miss Lin taught English.  →English was taught by Miss Lin

2. He didn’t like me. →I was not liked by him.

進行式被動語態練習題

主詞+be being +p.p.+by+受詞

否定被動語態:主詞+be+not+being+p.p.+by+受詞

1. Mom is cooking dinner.  →Dinner is being cooked by Mom

2. Peter was cleaning the room. →The room was being cleaned by Peter.

3. You are not doing your homework. →Your homework is not being done by you

do / does / did只用來表達原句動詞的否定或疑問,故改被動時不必出現

例如:I didn’t love you. 改成被動則為 You were not loved by me.

未來式被動語態練習題

1. Kevin won’t close the windows.→The windows won’t be closed by Kevin

2. You should collect those bottles. →Those bottles should be collected by you.

3. People must do something good. →Something good must be done by people.

4. They can’t build the houses. →The houses can’t be built by them.

5. We don’t grow rice. →Rice isn’t grown by us.

疑問句被動語態練習題

1. When did you finish the paper?→ When was the paper finished by you?

2. Where can people grow rice? →Where can rice be grown by people?

含助動詞的被動語態

說明:may have pp指對過去可能的推測。

例如:The machine should have been used by engineers only. 

說明:should have pp指過去原本該做而沒做。

例如:Students have to do the homework by themselves.

The homework has to be done by students themselves.

被動語態綜合練習

(          ) 1. The hamburgers _________ by us.  

           (A) were eating (B) were eating (C) were eaten (D) Ate

(          ) 2. The report has __________ by him.  

          (A) written (B) being writing   (C) being written (D) been written

(          ) 3. We can ______ the housework by ourselves.

          (A) done  (B) being done  (C) do  (D) be done

(          ) 4. English can ___________ in these schools. 

               (A) is tautght   (B) be taught   (C) taught    (D) be teaching

(          ) 5. She ____ the eggs in the box last night. 

                 The eggs ______ by her last night.

              (A) puts, are put         (B) put, are put 

              (C) put, were putting  (D) put, were put

(          ) 6. Many people ________ in the car accident. 

              (A) killed (B) were killing (C) were killed (D) kill

(          ) 7. The bad man ______ his enemy with a knife.

              (A) killed (B) were killing (C) were killed (D) kill

(         ) 8. Jack was so happy. He was ___________ his good grades on the  tests.   

              (A)surprised by (B) surprising to (C) surprised (D) surprised at

(          ) 9. My brother is _________ the picture now. 

              (A) painting (B) painted (C) been painted (D) being painted

(          ) 10. The picture is _________ by my brother now. 

              (A) painting (B) painted (C) been painted (D) being painted

1.CDCBD 6.CADAD

被動(感官&使役&授予動詞) 英文被動語態文法

沒有被動語態的動詞 容易混淆的主被動 動名詞與不定詞的被動

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