比較級與最高級文法

形容詞的原級比較級最高級:

形容詞具有三級:原級、比較級、最高級,有些形容詞因為本身已經達到極限,故沒有比較級和最高級例如absolute, excellent, living, dead, only…..

比較級與最高級形容詞規則變化:

短字+er / est   more / most 長字

單音節的字在字尾加erest

tall – taller – tallest

long – longer -longest

clean -cleaner – cleanest

warm – warmer -warmest

high – higher – highest

dark – darker – darkest

字尾有e時,只加rst

nice – nicer – nicest

close – closer -closest

cute – cuter – cutest

wide – wider -widest

safe – safer – safest

gentle –gentler -gentlest

字尾為子音+y時,將y改為i再加erest

happy –happier-happiest

pretty-prettier-prettiest

dirty-dirtier-dirtiest

heavy-heavier-heaviest

noisy-noisier-noisiest

easy-easier-easiest

   注意:母音+y時,直接加erestEx. gray-grayer-grayest

短母音+子音,重複子音再加erest 

big-bigger-biggest   hot-hotter-hottest   sad-sadder-saddest   fat-fatter-fattest   thin-thinner-thinnest  glad-gladder-gladdest   red-redder-reddest

more / most 長字

(三音節以上的字及大多數二音節字,特別由 –ful, -less, -able, ive, ing 結尾的字)

beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful

active – more active – most active

interesting – more interesting – most interesting

注意:happy(二音節)-happier à unhappy(三音節)-unhappier

有些形容詞可以加erest或前面加上more / most來形成比較級和最高級

polite – politer  more polite – politest  most polite

其他如:quiet , handsome , common , pleasant

不規則變化:

good / well

better

best

 

bad

worse

worst

 

many / much

more

most

 

old

older

elder

oldest

eldest

年齡的比較、事物的新舊

長幼順序

late

later較晚的

latter稍後的

latest最新近的

last 最後的

時間的先後

順序的先後

far

farther更遠

further更進一步;更遠

farthest

furthest

表示距離

表示程度或距離

little

less

littler

least

littlest

關於量,much的相反

表示大小,等於small

My elder brother is three years older than your younger sister.

His eldest son is the oldest student in our school.

My sweater is older than yours.

哥哥姊姊 elder brother/sister = older brother/sister

She came later than usual. (她比平常晚到。)

The Internet will give you the latest news.(網路會提供你最新的消息。)

He will be free in the latter part of the week.(他本週的下半周有空。)

His latest book may be his last book.(他最近出的書可能是他最後的書了。)

Kaohsiung is farther(further) from Taipei than Keelung.(從台北到高雄比到基隆遠。)

The farthest(furthest) planet from the earth is Pluto.(離地球最遠的行星是冥王星。)

I have nothing further to say on the subject.(對於這個主題我沒有什麼要講的了。)

Have you any further need of me?(你還有要我幫忙的嗎?)

很少 few – fewer – fewest + 可數名詞           little – less – least + 不可數名詞

 

 

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