many much a few a little some any數量詞用法

數量詞用法:

一般可數名詞前面可以使用數字來修飾多少的人、事、物。而量詞可以明確指出名詞的單位數。而數量詞通常後加可數複數名詞或不可名詞。以下來探討國中時期時常出現的數量詞。

many +複數可數名詞(可以明確數出的人事物)

much +不可數名詞 (抽象、聞不到、摸不著、無固定形狀大小)

不可數名詞有哪些:

1.抽象概念:love、confident、health、music、wealth(財富)等,很抽象看不到摸不著的。

2.不固定大小形狀(液體、氣體):gas,water,juice,milk,oil,smoke

3.總類的總稱:food,fruit,furniture,information,bread

4.太細微的物體:salt,rice,sugar

可數與不可數名詞:pie,cake 完整時可數,切開不可數。

I have many apples. (我有很多蘋果。)

She eats many vegetables.她吃很多蔬菜。

There is much food in the kitchen.有許多食物在廚房。

 A lot of =lots of +可數複數型名詞或不可數名詞皆可

肯定、否定、疑問皆可

I have many friends.  I have much juice. (許多)

I have a lot of friends. I have a lot of juice.

 但國中單字中有幾個比較特殊的單字如: noodle(s) 麵無固定大小但可數

some any 使用差別

some 則是接可數複數型名詞與不可數名詞皆可  表一些、有些

some 用於肯定句      any 則用於否定與疑問句或條件句

I have some problems in learning English.

Do you have any questions?

Some 用於疑問句時「請求、邀請」

Would you give me some eggs? Would you like to have some ice cream?

 A number of =many (許多的~)

A number of the students are good at Chinese.

The number of Ns +單數動詞(~的數目)  意指什麼的數量

The number of bears is getting smaller because they were killed by people who sell their body as medicine.

 熊的數量已經漸漸減少了,因為人麼把他們殺了且把他們的身體拿去做藥。

 someone= somebody有些人    something 某事物  anyone =anybody 任何人 anything   任何事 使用方式亦同,只是這類代名詞的形容詞放在後面 ex. I felt something wrong.(我覺得不對勁)

some 有時會使用在疑問句,但表示期望對方肯定回答

Would you like some tea? (詢問對方是有要喝茶,表邀請之意)

Would you lend me some money? (要求對方借錢)

a few a little 使用差異

a few +可數名詞 (一些)

a little +不可數名詞 (一些)

I have a few pens.     I drink a little water.

few +可數名詞 (少許)  含否定意味      little +不可數名詞 (少許)

注意: few 比 a few 更少  意思為一點點幾乎沒有

記:字多得比較多

many much a few a little some any 使用方式比較表

英文

中文

修飾
可數名詞

修飾
不可數名詞

用於
肯定句

用於
否定句

用於
疑問句

some

一些

ü

ü

ü

 

表邀請時可以使用

Would you like some tea?

any

任何

ü

ü

 

ü

ü

many

很多

ü

 

ü

ü

ü

much

很多

 

ü

ü

ü

ü

a few

一些

ü

ü

a little

一些

ü

ü

( A ) 1.There    some cake on the table.

                   (A) is (B) are (C) have (D) has

( C ) 2. Tina doesn’t feel(感覺)well. She only has    rice for dinner.

                  (A) lots of (B) few (C) a little (D) any

( A ) 3. Judy eats     vegetables(蔬菜)every day. She has a healthy diet(健康的飲食).

                 (A) lots of (B) few (C) little (D) any

( D ) 4. Kevin lost(遺失)his money(錢). Now, he doesn’t have     money with him.   

                (A) lots of (B) few (C) a little (D) any

( B ) 5. Ann: I’m so hungry. Is there anything to eat?  

                  Ben: Yes, there     some noodles at home.

                (A) is (B) are (C) have (D) has

( B ) 6. The town(城鎮)is very small. Only    people know it.    

                (A) lots of (B) few (C) a little (D) many

How many How much 詢問數量的用法

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