It is/was + 被強調部分 +that 子句” 這種強調句型是用來加強語氣使用，目的是強調句中的某個部分。被強調的部分若是指人，則可用 who 或者 whom 來代替 that。這種句型中的 “it” 沒有實質意義，只是用來改變句子結構，使句子的某一成分獲得強調。所強調的部分可以主詞、受詞、副詞、補語等。在翻譯的時候，可在被強調部分之前加上 「就是，正是，是」等詞來表示強調。強調句的部分不可能是句中的動詞。
原句:Columbus discovered America in 1492.
強調句:It was Columbus that discovered America in 1492.
It is you who are to blame. 強調you
It is the artist that/who drew the picture.
It is I who/that love you.
It is we that/whom you love.
It is I who /that believe you.(就只有我相信你→強調我)
It is in the park that I met Mary.
It is the park where I met Mary.
省略介係詞改以地方副詞關代→It is the park in which I met Mary. (in which 改為where)
It is because he hated me that I left.
|My wife bought six pairs of shoes in different colors from the Internet yesterday morning. 我老婆從網路上買六雙不同顏色的鞋子|
|強調主詞my wife，that可用who代替||It was my wife that/who bought six pairs of shoes in different colors from the Internet yesterday morning.|
|強調受詞six pairs of shoes in different colors||It was six pairs of shoes in different colors that my wife bought from the Internet yesterday morning.|
|強調時間副詞yesterday morning，that可用when代替||It was yesterday morning that/when my wife bought six pairs of shoes in different colors from the Internet|
|強調from the Internet||It was from the Internet that my wife bought six pairs of shoes in different colors yesterday morning.|
1.Where was______ you picked up the wallet﹖Just near the school gate.
(A) it (B) it that(C) the place(D) the place that
2. I must find out why_______so many students made the same mistake.
(A)is it that (B)was it which (C) it is what (D) it was that
3. Is it in the factory ______you visited last week _______ this kind of car is made﹖
(A)X ;that (B) where;when (C) where;that (D)X; when
4. It was because of bad weather ______the football match had to be put off.
(A)so(B) so that (C) why (D)that
5.It was his remarks_______left me wondering about his real purpose.
(A) which (B) what (C) where (D)that
6.Was it in 1969___the American astronaut succeeded_______ landing on the moon?
(A)when/on (B) that/on (C) when/in (D)that/in
7.It was not until 1920 _______regular radio broadcasts began.
(A) while (B) which (C) that (D)since
8._____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.
(A)There (B) This (C) That (D) It
9._____was in 1979 _______I graduated from the university.
(A) That;that (B) It; that (C) That ; when (D)It; when
10. It was for this reason _______ her uncle moved out of New York and settled down in a small village.
(A)which(B) why (C) that(D) how
11. It is the protection for the trees _______really mattersrather than how many trees are planted.
(A) what (B) that (C)X (D)which
12._________the people have become the master of their own country _________ science can really serve the people.
(A)It is only then；that (B) It was that；when
(C) It is only when；that(D) It was when；then
13. It was_______ I met Mr. Green in Shanghai.
(A)ten years since (B) many years ago that
(C) five years until (D)Two months when