複合不定代名詞的用法

最後更新日期:2022 年 10 月 5 日

複合不定代名詞的用法:

 bodyonething
Somesomebody (某人)someone (某人)something (某事)
Anyanybody (任何人)anyone (任何人)anything(任何事物)
Nonobody (沒有人)no one(沒有人)nothing(沒有東西)
everyeverybody(每人)everyone(每人)everything(每樣東西)

(1)上述複合不定代名詞均為第三人稱單數。

Everything in the restaurant is very delicious.

(2)修飾 Something、 anybody等不定代名詞的形容詞要做「後位」修飾。

形容詞須放在複合代名詞的後面,如 nothing new 、something wrong、something scary、something else 等。

例如:I have something special for you. 我有特別的東西要給你。

Nobody else knows the news. 沒有人其他人知道這則新聞。

There is nothing wrong with my smartphone. 我的智慧型手機沒有問題。

Is there anything new today? (今天有什麼新東西嗎? )

(3)不定詞(to+原形動詞)也可以用來修飾複合代名詞,不定詞須放在複合代名詞的後面。

I have nothing to tell you.(我對你無可奉告。)

(4) some- 用於肯定句,any-用於否定句或疑問句。

Do you feel anything strange? 你有感到任何奇怪的事嗎? 

(5) not any-=no-,是全部否定。not every-則為部分否定(並非每一)

1. He didn’t say anything all morning. =He said nothing all morning.

(整個早上,他什麼也沒說)

2. Not everyone likes to go jogging in the morning.

(不是每一個人都喜歡晨跑。)

(6) nothing but 只不過是…;只有

There is nothing but water in the glass. ( 玻璃杯裡只有水)

(7)其他的含意:

1. Is he anybody? (他是重要人物嗎?)

2. Although he is nobody now, he will be somebody pretty soon

(雖然他現在名不見經傳,但他很快就會有身分地位。)

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