後位修飾法 介係詞片語修飾名詞

何謂後位修飾法

除了形容詞外,介係詞片語也可用來修飾名詞,緊接在所修飾的名詞「後面」。

句型為:「主詞+ 介係詞片語(on/in/with/after/…+ the/a(n)+ 名詞)+動詞.」

動詞的單複數依主詞而定,不受介係詞片語影響

The girl in white shoes is my sister.

介係詞片語中的「單數可數名詞」前通常加the表「特定」,有「辨識」的目的;用a、an則純粹描述, 較無辨識作用。

介係詞片語表「位置」

on在上方/ in在裡面/ near附近/ under在下方/ at在~~/ next to隔壁/ beside旁邊/ across from the…對面

The picture on the wall was painted by Jim.       (那面牆上的畫是Jim畫的。)

The postcard in my bag came from my friend in Canada.(我袋子裡的明信片來自我加拿大的朋友。)

介係詞片語形容「個人特色或配件」、「所穿戴及攜帶衣物」 with/ in…

The girl with long hair and blue eyes is Peter’s girlfriend. (那個長髮藍眼的女孩是Peter的女友。)

  1. The boy with the red tie can speak English. (那個戴紅色領帶的男孩會說英語。)
  2. The woman in the pink dress/ in red socks comes from Japan. (那位穿粉紅洋裝/紅襪子的女人來自日本。)
  3. The man with an umbrella is our math teacher, Mr. Lee.(那位帶著傘的男人是我們數學老師,李先生。)

指某人的「身體外貌特徵」用with:with long legs/ eyes/ hair, with big eyes/ ears等。

凡是身體穿進去的衣物用in:in the blue dress/ shirt/ shorts/ shoes/ socks

[In+顏色]表示穿某顏色的衣服: the lady in white (穿白衣的女士)                    

如果是眼鏡或領帶(tie),手錶,項鍊等裝飾性小物件一般用with/ without(沒有)

with/ without a cap/ hat/ tie/ watch/ necklace/ scarf (圍巾)

hat, cap, watch也有人用in (戴著)

介係詞片語表「時間」:before/ after/ in/ on/ during…

 Our picnic in February was a lot of fun. (我們二月的野餐好好玩。)

The price of vegetables after a typhoon often goes up. (颱風過後菜價常上揚。)

名詞可當主詞或受詞,所以「名詞+介係詞片語」除放句首當「主詞」外,也可當「受詞」。

I really don’t like the boy in black pants. (我真不喜歡那個穿黑長褲的男孩。)

「名詞+介係詞片語」是一體的,不可分開

1.The pictures on the desk are mine. (桌上的照片是我的。)

2.Are the pictures on the desk yours? (桌子的照片是你的嗎?)

後位修飾法介係詞總整理

搭配 in 的介系詞片語in+穿戴在身上的衣物:in a coat、in a shirt
in+穿戴在身上衣服的顏色:in pink、in red
in+語言:in Chinese、in English
in+狀態:in a circle、in a line、in love
with+名詞with+外表特徵:with big eyes、with long hair with a big nose、with thick lips、with gray hair…
with+較小的配件:with a necklace、with a black bag with glasses、with a cellphone、with a watch
with+附加的事物:with pockets、with a garden
with+工具:with chopsticks、with a fork、with a knife
about+名詞about+內容:about animals、about nature
about+量:about two years、about three miles
from+名詞from+國家:from the USA、from the UK
from+地點:from a small town、from his pocket
from+人物:from his children

1.The girl with thick lips is Cindy’s daughter. 那位厚嘴唇的女孩是Cindy的女兒。

2.Hank bought a house with a big swimming pool. Hank買了一個有大游泳池的房子。

3.I bought  the book about nature. 我買了一本關於大自然的書。

4.My brother loves the girl from Japan. 我哥哥喜歡那位來自日本的女孩。

5.The boy in a black jacket is my friend, Nick. 那位穿著黑色夾克的男孩是我的朋友,Nick.\

6. The girl with big eyes is Mary.那位有著大眼睛的女孩是瑪莉。

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