除了~之外文法

最後更新日期:2023 年 02 月 24 日

除了~之外文法 except except for 使用差別

except 與 except for 皆表示為除了…之外,只有…例外(不包括,排除在外)

except for的後面只能接名詞和名詞片語,可以放在句首。

except的後面既可以接名詞、名詞片語,也可以皆子句、介詞片語甚至動詞,只能放於句中。

在 all, any, every, no, none, anything, anybody, anyone, everything, everybody, everyone, nobody, nothing 等表示總括的不定代名詞之後,一般都用 except 而不用 except for。

My mother didn’t give me any money except for books.

(我母親沒有給我任何錢,除了買書以外。→買書會給錢)

money與book是不同類別的事物,因此使用except for

Everyone gets good grades except John.(每個人都獲得好成績除了John以外)

everyone與John 是同類,因此使用except

Except for the service, I enjoy everything about this restaurant. (置於句首)

除了服務以外,我覺得這家餐廳還不錯。

S + V. Besides, S + V.  ……此外……(包含在內)

(1)  besides為副詞,同義的片語:in addition。

(2)  besides也可作介系詞用,用法為besides + N, S + V或Besides V-ing, S + V。同義的片語:in addition to, apart from, aside from。

My mother can’t use the smartphone. Besides, it’s too hard for her to learn how to use it.

(我母親不會使用智慧型手機。此外,要學習使用手機對她而言太困難。)

If you want to get healthy, you have to exercise every day. Besides, you need to quit smoking.

=If you want to get healthy, you have to exercise every day in addition to quitting smoking.

(如果你想獲得健康,你必須要每天運動。此外,你還要戒菸。)

…, including…  包含(部分)……在內的寫法

(1)S + V…, including + O.

(2)S + V…, O + included.

(3)S + V…, inclusive of + O.

including所接的受詞只是整體裡的一部分而已。

The bill is $700, including tax and service.

=The bill is $700, tax and service included.

=The bill is $700, inclusive of tax and service.

本帳單金額為七百元,含稅及服務費。

…, excluding …  不包含……在內句型

(1)S + V…, excluding + O.

(2)S + V…, O + excluded.

(3)S + V…, exclusive of + O.

The bill is $700, excluding tax and service.

 =The bill is $700, tax and service excluded.

=The bill is $700, exclusive of tax and service.

本帳單金額為七百元,不含稅及服務費。

other than 除了…之外,只有…例外(不包括,排除在外)

other than 是一個片語,指「除了….之外」than 後面接名詞或名詞子句

Other than the terms above, we accept your offer.

 除了以上的條款外,我們接受你的提議。

Everyone went home other than me. = Everyone went home except me.

(除了我之外,每個人都回家了。)

She never discussed the matter with anyone other than Mary.

= Aside from Mary, she never discussed the matter with anyone.

= She never discussed the matter with anyone except Mary.

(除了瑪莉之外,她從不和任何人討論此事。)

There was no food other than an apple. 除了蘋果以外,再沒有其他食物。

=There was no food except an apple.

  • 分詞構句與獨立分詞構句文法
  • 名詞單複數意思不同與特殊複數形單字
  • 主詞單複數怎麼判斷
  • Sb. be impressed with Sth 對…有印象
  • A substitute for B A取代B文法句型
  • be responsible for sth. 對…負責
  • ASAP as soon as possible 盡可能
  • go on vs. continue文法
  • in order to 為了…目的
  • no more …than…和…一樣都不…
  • nothing but/ anything but/ everything but 用法
  • that 同位語
  • It 作虛主詞的常見句型
  • It is/was 被強調部分+ that 子句 強調句文法
  • It happens that S+V 碰巧
  • It is taken for granted that S+V …是理所當然的文法
  • It is no use Ving 做…沒有用
  • There is no denying that 名詞子句
  • There is nothing adj. in ving 做某事一點也不…
  • There be N ving/p.p.
  • not so much…as… 與其說是…倒不如說是…
  • A along with B 使用方式
  • prefer to VR rather than VR 是…而不是… 文法
  • not A but B 不是…而是…
  • As S+V, so S+V如同…一般,亦是如此
  • 視A為B 片語
  • A由B組成
  • 的確…,但是…文法 indeed…,but…
  • instead of vs. instead 而不是 vs. 反而
  • can’t but VR /have no choice but to VR 無法選擇,不得不的用法
  • 比較less than, not less than, no less than, no less… than, not than..用法之不同
  • as such/ as with/ as for /as of/as to
  • apply to apply for apply 使用法
  • worth worthy worthwhile文法
  • rise arise raise arouse 文法比較
  • Be known for be known as be known to 文法
  • fill與stuff 的使用差異
  • 怎麼區分used to VR be used to V-ing be used to be used for
  • lead to / result in / bring about 導致引起造成文法
  • lest/for fear of /for fear that /in case of /in case/ in the case of 文法
  • except besides 除了~之外文法
  • 英文分數(幾分之幾)怎麼寫
  • 倒裝句文法總整理
  • Here倒裝句文法
  • 「動詞+sb+of sth」英文句型 accuse 人of 事
  • All you can do is VR 你能做的只有…文法句型
  • suggest that + S + (should) + VR 建議某人應該做某事
  • cannot be too adj.再…也不為過文法
  • not to mention/not much of a 使用方法
  • 雙重否定句 not,never,no without/butVR
  • be likely to V 可能…… 文法
  • unless if not 用法
  • 英語表達連接、轉折、舉例、總結的用語
  • 表述心得想法意見英文怎麼說
  • 簡言之To sum up 英文作文結語用法
  • 複合形容詞 (2)
  • 抽象名詞片語
  • 助動詞總整理3
  • 助動詞總整理 part 2
  • 助動詞總整理 part 1
  • have difficulty ving 有困難…文法
  • 英文詞類介紹
  • with regarding to 與in regard to及regarding用法
  • have difficultu ving在…有困難文法
  • 英文詞性 介係詞 副詞 形容詞怎麼分
  • 英文動詞的種類 及物動詞 不及物動詞
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