最後更新日期： 2022 年 10 月 5 日 by 阿莓莓KIKI
①表能力(ability):(=be able to, be capable of, know how to )
He can speak English but he can’t write it very well.
(他能夠說英語，但是他無法書寫的好。)We can play the piano. (我們會彈鋼琴。)
Tim can do a good job of fixing the broken lamp.
②表許可(permission):(=be allowed to, be permitted to)
Can[May] I smoke in here ? (= Am I allowed to smoke in here? )
Can I stay here until my father comes?
The road can be blocked. (= It is possible to block the road.)
I could never play the guitar. (我以前從不會談吉他)
I couldn’t write in English before. (我以前無法用英文寫字。)
Could I stand here? 我可以站在這裡嗎? ( could 比 can或may 更有禮貌。)
3″ could have +p.p.”表對「過去能做而未做的事」感到惋惜、遺憾。
I could have passed, but I did not study.
I could have become a millionaire if I had won the lottery. (如果我有贏得樂透，我就會成為百萬富翁。)→過去沒有中樂透，所以也沒有成為百萬富翁。
2. may, might
①表許可(permission):(=be allowed to)
You may hang out with your friend at the park. (你可以和你朋友去公園玩。)
You may go out for dinner with Jim. (你可以和Jim一起去吃晚餐。)
The road may be blocked. ( = It is possible that the road is blocked.)
may have +p.p.”表對過去的推測
He may have seen me last night.他或許昨晚有看到我。
May I help you? 需要我為你服務嗎?→用於服務生。(2)might的用法:
The weather forecast says it is going to clear up soon.
Might I smoke in here ?
We might go to Japan this summer. 我們可能今年暑假會去日本。
What you say might be true. 你說的可能是事實。