that 同位語

最後更新日期: 2022 年 8 月 10 日 by 阿莓莓KIKI

同位語用途:補充說明,使名詞更清楚地被表達出來。同位語有兩種:

1. 名詞片語:常用來補充說明一個人的身分。

(1)This is my classmate, Steven.

(2)Alex, the best pitcher on our team, has hurt his arm and can’t play tomorrow.

2. 名詞子句:常用來補充事實、看法或信念的內容。

(1) She taught us the fact that the earth is round.

(2)The fact that he cheated in the exam is unknown.

這類的名詞如:belief, idea, news, fact, story, theory, rumor, …等

名詞子句當同位語

belief

idea

the  news  + that + S + V…     …~~

fact

story

1. The idea that we take showers every day doesn’t work here.

2. Some Taiwanese still hold the belief that the number four is unlucky.

3. The news that Steve Jobs had passed away shocked Apple fans worldwide.

1. 當同位語的名詞子句一律由連接詞that引導,不能省略。

 2. that另外也可當關係代名詞引導形容詞子句

I don’t believe the story (that) he wrote.

                                            O.      S      Vt.

                     adj.子句,that可省

                    *that 是關代

當關係子句的that 子句為不完整子句(句子會缺主詞或受詞)

如上:that 之後只有he wrote 缺受詞 the story

I don’t believe the story that he became a millionaire.

                                        conj.    n.子句,that不可省

*that 是連接詞

當同位語的that 子句為完整子句( S+V+O)

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