時間介係詞 on in at

時間介係詞使用時機表

介係詞使用時機例句        
at時間點at 8:00  
at dinner time
at night
at midnight
at noon
on特定節日(固定日期)   日期、星期On Monday
On June 1st  
On Christmas
in長時間   世紀、年份、月份 季節、早、中、晚in the 20th century
in the afternoon  
in 2014
in spring
in January
in a year
from ~ to ~(從~到~)時間的起點與終點from six to ten  
(從六點到十點)
from Monday to Friday
(從星期一到星期五)
from May to July
(從五月到七月)
between ~ and ~(在~和~之間)在兩個時間之間between one and three  
(一點到三間之間)
between Monday and Tuesday
(星期一到星期二之間)
about /around(大約)大致上的時間about one o’clock
in +數字+時間單位(在~時間之後)使用於未來式in ten minutes  
in two days
in twenty seconds (二十秒內)
during(在~期間)強調某件事進行的期間during summer vacation  
during the meal
during the movie
during the year
by(最遲在~之前)通常使用於完成式   (時間有期限性)by tomorrow
by next year (明年前) 
by tonight
by the time
through(~自始自終)強調從頭至尾through the whole year
though the vacation
前不加介係詞every   last    next this    that these   thosethis morning
today
yesterday tomorrow
every year
last week
next day

若詢問「時間」本身,則不使用介係詞,若詢問「固定時間的事件、活動」則需使用介系詞。

What time is it?  (現在幾點)  It is 8:00 (八點) it指時間

這種依照說話者詢問的時間不同而改變答案的問題,不需使用介係詞。

What time is the show?  It is at 8:00   it 指表演

這種具有固定答案的時間,需使用介係詞限定。

When is the game ?  比賽在何時呢? 答案較為廣泛,可以是時間點:It’s at 7:00 o’clock.七點整

It’s in the morning. 在早上。 It’s at 7:00 a.m.早上七點整。

It’s on Monday morning. 在星期一早上。

It’s at 7:00 on Monday morning. 在星期一早上七點整。

It’s this afternoon. 今天下午。

the 小時間 of 大時間 此為A of B 的句型 解釋為B的A  of 表示所有

in the summer of 2013  (2013年的暑假)因此時間為年份使用in

on the morning of Sunday (星期天的早上) 此時為on

=on Sunday morning

時間介係詞練習題

1. ( )A: Do you usually visit your grandparents ___Saturday?

B: Yes, we visit them every Saturday.
(A) at (B) on (C) in (D) of

2. ( )A: John often swims _______ the morning. B: No wonder he is so healthy.
(A) at (B) on (C) in (D) ×

3. ( )We have a math test ______ tomorrow.
(A) at (B) on (C) in (D) ×

4. ( )Dad usually gets up early in the morning and goes to work_______6:00.
(A) in (B) on (C) at (D) of

5. ( )A: What’s _____ the box? B: I don’t know. Let’s open it.
(A) about (B) with (C) inside (D) above

6. ( )My dad’s birthday is ______ December 1. (A) at (B) on (C) in (D) ×

7. ( )I can’t eat too much _______night. I am on a diet. (A) in (B) on (C) for (D) at

8. ( )We’re going to a movie ______ this Friday evening. (A) at (B) from (C) in (D) ×

9. ( )We had a party ______Christmas Eve. (A) in (B) on (C) at (D) of

10. ( )Mrs. Wang is slender. She does exercise, and she never eats snacks_____meals.
(A) for (B) when (C) between (C) in

11. ( )Don’t hide ____ a window in the earthquake. It could be dangerous when it falls down.
(A) near (B) about (C) on (D) in

12. ( )A: Is Sam’s birthday _____ Thursday? B: Sorry, I don’t know.
(A) at (B) of (C) in (D) on

13. ( )_____ September 21, 1999, a big earthquake hit Taiwan.
(A) In (B) At (C) On (D) Of

14. ( )So far as we know, all living creatures(生物)can not live ______air and water.
(A) in (B) on        (C) with (D) without

15. ( )A: When is Stella’s birthday?B: It’s ____July 20th.
(A) on (B) in (C) at (D) of

16. ( )A:What time is your English class?B:It’s ______eight ten.
(A) in (B) on (C) at (D) ×

17. ( )A: Do you go to piano class _______ every Wednesday? B: No, every Tuesday.
(A) on (B) at (C) in (D) ×

18. ( )A: When is the national day of the USA?   

 B: The national day of the USA is _____.
(A) at July fourth (B) is the fourth day of July 

(C) at this Thursday (D) on July fourth

19. ( )A: Does your brother go to school ____ every day?

B: Only from Monday to Friday.
(A) × (B) on (C) at (D) in

20. ( )We usually have a party ______ New Year’s Eve. (A) in (B) at (C) × (D) on

21. ( )Students in Taiwan do not go to schoo_______Sundays.
(A) in (B) at (C) on (D) with

22. ( )They go to church or get together with their family_____Christmas Eve.
(A) in (B) on (C) at (D) ×

23. ( )A: What did you do _______ the morning? B: I played the piano.
(A) on (B) in (C) at (D) of

24. ( )A: Is Taiwan’s Father’s Day ______June? B: No, it’s not.
(A) at (B) of (C) in (D) on

25. ( )We swim ______Sundays, not on Mondays. (A) at (B) on (C) in (D) of

26. ( )A big earthquake hit Taiwan ______Sep. 21, 1999.
(A) on (B) in (C) at (D) of

27. ( )Kevin’s birthday is in _______.
(A) May 19 (B) Wednesday (C) May (D) weekend

28. ( )We had an exam______ Wednesday, January 15, 2007.
(A) in (B) at (C) × (D) on

29. ( )A: Are you going to stay in the USA for a year?
B: No, I will only stay there _______ winter.
(A) in (B) for (C) at (D) about

30. ( )The boys have a basketball game ______ twelve.
(A) at (B) in (C) to (D) on

31. ( )A: When did Jenny meet her boyfriend?
B: She met him _______ 2002.
(A) on (B) in (C) at (D) ×

Ans: 1.BCDCC 6.BDDBC 11.ADCDA 16.CDDAD 21.CBBCB 26.ACDAA31.B

英文介係詞總整理

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