A substitute for B (以A取代B)
= B give place to A = A replace B= A take the place of B
~ replace A with / by B = ~ substitute B for A (以B取代A )
Smartphones have replaced computers.
=We have replaced computers with smartphones.
=Smartphones have substituted for computers.
=We have substituted smartphones for computer.
We ‘ve run out of shower gel , so I replaced the shower gel with a bar of soap.
=We ‘ve run out of shower gel , so I substituted a bar of soap for the shower gel.
The shower gel was replaced by a bar of soap.
=A bar of soap replaced the shower gel.
=A bar of soap was substituted for the shower gel.
His father is going to be retired and give place to him.他的父親即將退休，並讓位給他。